Building UI Functionality with Angular 2 Components

Learn how to use components — the fundamental building block of Angular 2 and the successor of ng-controller.

Eric Simons Up to date (Jan '19) Angular 2

In Angular 2, you no longer build your applications using ng-controller and views. Instead, you build your application using components — tiny, reusable building blocks that are very similar to directives in Angular 1 (and basically identical to the new component API in Angular 1.5).

Components are constructed in Typescript using Decorators. If you read a little bit into Decorators via the Typescript Handbook, you will see that it is nothing more than a function call that is passed a set of arguments prior to running the neighboring function/class.

The parameters passed into the decorator is what we call metadata. This information tells Angular 2 a few things about our Component, such as:

  • What to import
  • Where to find the View file
  • Where our styles exist
  • What to use as the selector
  • and more…

Beneath the hood, the component decorator is simply a class where the metadata is provided to the constructor method of some class. In short, the Component Metadata Class looks similar to the following:

class Component {
        templateUrl, directives
    }) {}

To get a well educated perspective, I heavily suggest reading the following resources on the subject:

Component Decorator via the Architecture Manual

In the next chapter, we'll explore a few of the API's that components expose to us before building out some real examples.